On the other hand, populations of various animal species are increasing due to specific conservation measures, reduced insecticide use and the linking of conservation areas. Among these animals are the wolf, the brown bear and the beaver. Rewilding Europe wants to allow these – large – mammals to lead a natural life in wilderness areas of at least 100,000 hectares. Humans are not to manage these populations; their sizes are to be determined by food supply and weather conditions. The presence of large numbers of predators and grazers will make these areas attractive for safaris and, at the perimeter, for lodging. The wilderness areas must be able to exist without subsidies; only limited start-up subsidies are possible for beginning entrepreneurs. Comparable programmes have been very successful in southern Africa.
The development of wilderness has already begun in five locations in southern and eastern Europe. Later, five more projects will follow in central Europe and Scandinavia.