Coeliac Disease in Callitrichids
Coeliac disease is the damaging of the mucous of the small intestine (flocky atrophy), causing the villi to disappear. This is caused by gliadin, a component of gluten. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, rye, oats and barley. Oats arent proven to contain gluten.
The result of the damaged mucous will be malabsorption, which will cause a shortage of nutrients. The impaired digestion may cause either chronic diarrhoea, a thick, reeking faeces, or constipation.
To prevent or fight these symptoms, a gluten-free diet is necessary. Because of the diet the mucous of the small intestine will recover, and eventually (varying from several months to a year) it will be able to absorb once again all nutrients that the body needs.
A gluten-free diet may consist of: vegetables, pulses, nuts, meat, fish, Dutch cheese, milk, yoghurt, and eggs.